Critical and anti-Satsuma/Choshu discourses coming out of the Seikanron crisis of 1873. The birth of the “Popular Rights and Liberty Movement” (jiyūminken undō, 1874-84) and the Satsuma Rebellion, also called the Southwest War of 1877 (seinan sensō). Yes, the one fictionalized in the Tom Cruise movie, The Last Samurai.
Ueki Emori, Three Essays
Fukuda Hideko, “National Rights and People’s Rights”
Saigo Takamori, “Teachings to Toda Taketoshi” (1875)