Oct 12-14: Social Darwinism and the International System

We now move into yet another possible organization of power under the aegis of the nation-state. Since these are longer, we will focus on Bagehot for Monday and Kato for Wednesday. If you can, doing both by Monday will help, but is not required. To be sure, you should read for categories, the logic, and the mechanisms of each piece—but in doing so, don’t forget what we’ve already done on the discourse on Civilization, the problem of modernity and progress in non-Western societies, and the ordering of the near Japanese past along new lines; a reordering of the past that is always meant to open a new path into the future. Though these and other texts are all theoretical or scientific, the political question is always implied, if not outright stated: there is no such thing as pure knowledge.

Walter Bagehot, Physics & Politics (1872) (e-book 125 pages)

Kato Hiroyuki, A Reconsideration of Human Rights (1882)