1931 Manchurian Incident


For the next section we leave behind the formation of the nation-state but some of the issues are still with us, but in different forms. For this next section try and conceptualize it as not the formation of nation and state and capital, but a Japanese version of a global crisis of the nation-state-capital synthesis. Our key date is Sept. 18, 1931, “The Manchurian Incident” when the Kwantung Army faked an attack on the Japanese South Manchurian Railroad by “Chinese bandits,” using this incident as an excuse for deep military occupation of Manchuria. In 1932 this would become the Japanese created state of Manchukuo. Throughout this section keep the global economic breakdown at the front of your thoughts and analyses.

First, jump right into the text of one of the inspirations of the Manchurina Incident, Kita Ikki’s “An Outline for the Reorganization of Japan” Sources, pp. 272-276. Note the different vocabulary used to describe not only politics, but Japan, the people, and the crisis.

Readings for week 4

Readings for week 5

Readings for week 6

Key Timeline

  • 1905 Hibiya Riots
  • 1914-18 WWI
  • 1915 The Twenty One Demands
  • 1918 Rice Riots
  • 1919 Versailles Conference
  • Korea March First Movement
  • 1920s “Taisho Democracy”
  • 1929 Global Crash
  • 1931 The Manchurian Incident
  • 1932 Est. of Manchukuo
  • 1936 2.26 Incident
  • 1937 Invasion of China
  • 1939 Nomonhan Incident
  • 1941 Pearl Harbor
  • 1942 Battle of Midway
  • 1945 Aug 6 Hiroshima bombing; Aug 9 Nagasaki
  • 1945 Aug 15 Emperor’s radio address ending war
  • 1945 Sept 2 Formal Surrender